The Army lab (US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases) is inspected approximately once per year by the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), every 4 years by US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and every year by the Army Inspector General, in addition to other internal Army functions. Other laboratories at Fort Detrick are inspected yearly by CDC if they handle the most dangerous microbes and by USDA if they handle agricultural microbes. Other laboratories in Frederick County are subject to inspection by CDC if they handle the most dangerous microbes, and the USDA if they handle dangerous agricultural microbes.
All labs working with the most dangerous microbes are regulated by the CDC Select Agent Program, which regulates the possession, use and transfer of biological agents and toxins that pose serious public health threat. The Program promotes lab safety and security by:
1) Developing, implementing, and enforcing select agent regulations
2) Providing guidance to the regulated community, and
3) Inspecting facilities working with select agents.
The Program works with the USDA and the Department of Justice. The CDC and the USDA maintain the National Select Agent Registry which details regulations, guidance documents, FAQs, links, and other information.